Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary and National park : Hi friends ours’s today topic is once again related to nature and natural heritage. Almost in every part of the world the wildlife are protected by earmarking certain areas as wildlife Sanctuary and National parks.
Due to rapid and constant industrialisation and deforestation, our wildlife faces the danger of extinction. To avoid such situation all Governments across globe used to declare some areas of their territory as Wildlife Sanctuary and National parks.
Today through our article we will learn the basic difference between the above mentioned topic.
Why have National parks and Sanctuaries been Established
These have been established to protect and control poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade of wildlife in the country. In India the The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 paves the way for the establishment of Protected Areas.
Coming to the statistics there are 104 National Parks in India. The first national park in India was established as Hailey National Park in the year 1936.
The Hailey national park was later renamed as Jim Corbett National Park. This National park lies in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand state in India.
Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary and National park
The basic function of wildlife sanctuary and national park are same as both are earmarked to protect flora and fauna of a particular area.
Primarily Wildlife sanctuaries are designated area which provides protection and favorable living conditions to the wild animals.
Whereas the National parks provide protection to the entire ecosystem, i.e flora, fauna, landscape, biosphere etc. of a particular region. Lets us understand the both in detail.
Wildlife sanctuaries are the areas which are designated exclusively for use and protection of wildlife habitat. These are reserved exclusively for wildlife which includes animals, reptiles, insects, birds etc. It provides safe, healthy and protected living conditions to the wildlife.
Especially the endangered species are being protected in these sanctuaries. Some endangered animals used to get shifted in these wildlife sanctuaries. The basic aim of these sanctuaries to provide a safe asylum to the endangered species which are otherwise prone to hunting and poaching.
National parks provides protection to the entire ecosystem, i.e flora, fauna, landscape, biosphere etc. These areas are specially designated by Governments to conserve wildlife provide a diversion of environmental and landscape heritage.
These parks are home to myriads of birds, animals, microorganisms, and insects and many more. The following activities such as cultivation, plantation, grazing, predating and hunting of animals, as well as destruction of flowers are strictly banned in National Parks.
National Parks are can only be visited after obtaining official permissions from concerned authorities. One of their objective is to safeguard the natural and historic objects of the wildlife of the region.
Now lets see the key differences between National parks and Wildlife Sanctuary in tabular format.
Key Differences between National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary
|National Park||Wildlife Sanctuary|
|It is a protected area formed by Goverment across the globe to protect, preserve and evolve the wildlife||It is natural habitat usually run by Government bodies sometimes by private also to protect and preserve certain species of animals and birds.|
|National parks provide protection to the entire ecosystem, i.e flora, fauna, landscape, biosphere etc. of a particular region.||It provides safe, healthy and protected living conditions to the wildlife for which it was designated. eg:- Animals, birds, reptiles, insects etc.|
|These are highly restricted areas in which access is rarely permitted.||The restrictions are less when compared to National parks and usually people are allowed.|
|Official permission from concerned authorities are required to enter into these areas.||Official permission not required to enter into these areas.|
|The boundaries of these parks are fixed with the help of legislation.||Whereas Wildlife Sanctuary don’t have fixed boundaries at all.|
|Human activity are strictly prohibited in National parks.||Human activities are permitted to some extant. In some cases traditional as well as organic farming is allowed.|
|National parks never can be downgraded to Wildlife Sanctuary.||Whereas a Wildlife sanctuary can be upgraded as a National park.|
We hope that we have covered all major differences between National parks and Wildlife Sanctuary . If you have more doubt you can shoot the questions in comment section right now.
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